Difference between revisions of "Solar Eye"

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Solstices and equinoxes happen at the same time all around the world, but the passages of the sun trough the zenith, and nadir depend on the latitude. In Guatemala those days have been observed in pre columbian times, and some celebrations survived to this day, like the day of the cross May 1 that happens close to the zenith passage of the sun, and the Nadir passage of the sun, celebrated on Nov 1, on the day of the dead. On this date, the sun is in the direction of the centre of the earth at midnight.  
 
Solstices and equinoxes happen at the same time all around the world, but the passages of the sun trough the zenith, and nadir depend on the latitude. In Guatemala those days have been observed in pre columbian times, and some celebrations survived to this day, like the day of the cross May 1 that happens close to the zenith passage of the sun, and the Nadir passage of the sun, celebrated on Nov 1, on the day of the dead. On this date, the sun is in the direction of the centre of the earth at midnight.  
  
=Escultura Educativa en la USAC=
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=Educative Installation=
[[File:1_PLANTA_DIA.jpg|500px |right]]
 
  
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The combination of base and sculpture representing the sun's trajectory along the ecliptic can be used to lecture about the movement of the earth around the sun, astronomy, calendars, Maya epigraphy, etc.
 
The combination of base and sculpture representing the sun's trajectory along the ecliptic can be used to lecture about the movement of the earth around the sun, astronomy, calendars, Maya epigraphy, etc.
  
[[File:3_DIA.jpg|550px]]
 
[[File:4_NOCHE.jpg|550px]]
 
  
 
Because of its symmetry, the play of light and shadows can be seen trough the day, not only at dusk or dawn.
 
Because of its symmetry, the play of light and shadows can be seen trough the day, not only at dusk or dawn.

Revision as of 00:41, 4 July 2019

SolarEyeheader.jpg

Os01.jpg
Os02.jpg

The Solar Eye is a solar marker sculpture representing the sun´s trajectory in 8 important dates of the earth´s travel around it´s orbit. Solstices, equinoxes and the days of zenith and nadir passage of the sun, occurring only in the tropics, between +23 and -23 degrees.

Solstices and equinoxes happen at the same time all around the world, but the passages of the sun trough the zenith, and nadir depend on the latitude. In Guatemala those days have been observed in pre columbian times, and some celebrations survived to this day, like the day of the cross May 1 that happens close to the zenith passage of the sun, and the Nadir passage of the sun, celebrated on Nov 1, on the day of the dead. On this date, the sun is in the direction of the centre of the earth at midnight.

Educative Installation

1 PLANTA DIA.jpg

The combination of base and sculpture representing the sun's trajectory along the ecliptic can be used to lecture about the movement of the earth around the sun, astronomy, calendars, Maya epigraphy, etc.


Because of its symmetry, the play of light and shadows can be seen trough the day, not only at dusk or dawn.

Os11.jpg

OjoSolarTimelapse2.gif
Os04.jpg

During the equinoxes, no light shines on the eyes, as we approach the solstices, the shadows eye lid begins to open.

The north looking eye opens at the summer solstice, while the south looking eye opens completely at the winter solstice.

During the equinoxes, the shadow of the Solar Eye is divided in two by a light beam representing Kukulkan descent over the earth. during the day, the shadows of five spheres trapped between the two halves traverse the East-West line, representing the 5 planets trough the ecliptic path.

Os08.jpg

Os10.jpg

When the shadows eye lid touches the rim of the inner circle in the South eye, it is the Nadir passage of the sun, around Nov 1 and Feb 10 in Guatemala.

Background

Os13.jpg


El Ojo Solar fue diseñado por David Marín para la Escuela Plural de formación Política de Mujeres Mayas, para crear una experiencia educativa acoplada a las actividades rituales en la montaña Tzunen en el municipio de Comitancillo, departamento de San Marcos en Guatemala.

Representa una semilla, la dualidad de los opuestos, el carrete del hilo del tiempo del calendario Cholq´ij, el huevo de la serpiente emplumada, que se reconoce por la banda celestial que representa la eclíptica.

Os14.jpg

Como parte de la escuela de formación política el Ojo Solar es más que una escultura, se convierte en un objeto ritual que sirve para reflexionar sobre nuestro lugar en el sistema solar, en relación con las culturas ancestrales, la historia del pueblo Mam, etc.

En esta montaña, el Ojo Solar también forma parte de una acción política para proteger este sitio sagrado del acoso de las empresas mineras que han destruido otras montañas en la región, al añadir un aspecto turístico, y educativo a la montaña, que es visitada por escuelas, iglesias y el pueblo en general.

Os17.jpg


Os12.jpg

Ojo Solar y el Año Internacional de la Luz

El proyecto aparece en el blog del año internacional de la luz de la UNESCO UNESCO IYL 2015 y es un proyecto que sigue las directrices planteadas en el año internacional de la Astronomía, como una forma de motivar el estudio de las ciencias en los pueblos más alejados de las ciudades.


OjoSolarSouvenir01.jpg

Id y Enseñad a Todos

El Ojo Solar puede fabricarse a escala para usarse como un souvenir que representa el motto: Id y Enseñad a todos. Este modelo a escala funciona igual que la escultura grande, sólo necesita apuntarse hacia el norte, el ángulo de inclinación es parte de la escultura.

OjoSolarConstelaciones.jpg

La posición de la tierra alrededor del sol en las 8 fechas que marca el ojo solar, forman un patrón que recuerda el logo de la escuela.

Ojosolarlogoecfm.jpg

OjoSolarChinique01.jpg

Ojo Solar como proyecto de Extensión

Ojo Solar en Chinique